Vietnamese Black Pepper And Important Things You Should Know

Spice wholesalers prefer Vietnamese black pepper for its quality and flavor. This article covers Vietnamese black pepper’s history, varieties, harvesting, and processing. We’ll also discuss Vietnamese black pepper quality standards and certifications and the risks and challenges of importing from Vietnam. Understanding Vietnamese black pepper’s key characteristics helps you source the best product at the best price. Let’s learn about Vietnamese black pepper and spice wholesalers.

1. An overview of Vietnamese black pepper

Vietnamese black pepper has always been considered a staple product. Here are some things you should know about black pepper from Vietnam. 

  • Vietnam has remained the world’s largest producer and exporter of black pepper: Accounting for one-third of global output and more than half of global trade (about 150000 tons a year). According to the Vietnam Pepper Association’s official statistics, Vietnam exported 14901 tons in September 2022, with black pepper accounting for 12547 tons (84.2%). The export turnover of black pepper alone reached 48.9 million USD, accounting for nearly 85% of the total export turnover.  Vietnamese black pepper has always been considered a staple product, with the majority of customers preferring it. That’s why Vietnam is one of the leading pepper exporting countries that provide pepper for the world.
  • Vietnam’s pepper-growing area has been steadily expanding: In particular, the planted area has increased from 9800 ha to 130000 ha since 1997, increasing more than 13-fold in just over 20 years. In addition, the output of black pepper has always been consistent as a result of favorable climatic conditions for farming, production, and substantial government support. Because of their favorable and stable climate conditions and fertile basalt red soil, Vietnam’s Central Highlands and Southeast region are the key black pepper production areas (accounting for 95% of the country’s pepper growing area). To grow optimally, Vietnamese pepper plants should be kept in an environment with high moisture levels (70 to 90%), and the ideal temperature range is 25-27ºC. In terms of soil for pepper cultivation, it must have a pH of 5-6, be loose, humus-rich, easy to drain, and not waterlogged.  
  • Harvesting Vietnamese black pepper: The farmer will hand pick the pepper while it is still green, then the pepper will be divided through the machine to save time and effort. People dry pepper by hand in the sun for 3-4 days on a cement yard or PP tarpaulin. When the pepper goes from green to black and reaches the standard amount of moisture content, the impurities are separated, bagged, and consumed. 

An overview about Vietnamese black pepper

2. Quality requirements for Vietnamese black pepper exports

Black pepper from Vietnam is classified into four types based on its characteristics: special, grade 1, type 2, and type 3. And each type has its requirements for quality screening based on factors such as density, moisture content, and admixture,… 


Standards to export Vietnamese black pepper

2.1. Vietnamese black pepper characteristics 

The following is a list of distinguishing qualities that can be found in Vietnam black pepper, which you should be considered

  • Black pepper in Vietnamese is distinguished from other types of pepper by its diameter, which ranges from 3mm to 6mm, and it is brown, gray, or black with wrinkled skin. 
  • In addition, the weight of black pepper is usually in the range of 350-600 (g/l), the moisture content ranges from 12-13.5%, and the admixture ranges from 0.2-2% depending on the ingredients.  
  • Specifically, Vietnam’s black pepper has a mildly spicy flavor with a light aroma. black pepper in Vietnam will be less spicy than white pepper. When sniffing with the nose, black pepper has a more distinct aroma than white pepper. 

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2.2. Export Vietnamese black pepper quality standards 

First and foremost, there are some sensory requirements to evaluate exported black pepper from Vietnam. 

  • Mold, insects, and visible insect carcasses should be avoided in black pepper (with the naked eye and with a magnifying glass). 
  • Black pepper must be uniformly black in color and wrinkled. 
  • Pepper should have a firm, not broken texture. 
  • Taste: When ground into powder, it has a distinct aroma of black pepper, is spicy, and has no off-putting flavor. 

Furthermore, to thoroughly evaluate the quality, Vietnam has established specific standards for each type of black pepper. 

  • The required physical specifications for Vietnamese black pepper are listed in the table below

The required physical specifications for Vietnamese black pepper

Physical specifications such as density (g/l) will be able to determine the consistency, fineness of pepper, and indicators of the number of impurities, flat or broken seeds; the lower the percentage, the better the quality. will be more consistent and of high quality. Grade 1 and 2 black pepper are the ones most often chosen by customers and they are the most exported black pepper from Vietnam.

  • The required chemical specifications of Vietnamese black pepper are listed in the table below

The required chemical specifications of Vietnamese black pepper

The chemical specifications, such as moisture content, should be noted; the standard moisture content of black pepper is in the range of 12.5%-13%; too much moisture content can make the pepper unsatisfactory, especially during sea transportation. Piperine is another indicator to consider; piperine is a chemical found in pepper that is beneficial to health; the average percentage of piperine in Vietnam black pepper is 4%.

3. The condition of the Vietnamese black pepper market 

The article that follows will provide information about Vietnam’s black pepper trading and exporting market so that you can identify and evaluate the best purchasing options.

3.1. Condition of Vietnamese black pepper in the country 

Due to the effects of climate change and the Covid 19 pandemic, the area and output of Vietnam black pepper have decreased in recent years. However, it will be more stable after the pandemic due to more supportive policies and risk insurance from the government. From 2017 to 2020, the domestic market experienced significant fluctuations, with the black pepper price dropping to 50000 VND/kg (2.1 USD/kg). However, black pepper has been purchased at a relatively high and stable price since the beginning of the year. Black pepper is currently purchased for around 80000 VND/kg (3.35 USD/kg). The price of black pepper in Vietnam is expected to rise in 2022 due to a scarcity of goods caused by widespread crop failure in Vietnam.


Vietnamese black pepper market in country

3.2. Condition of Vietnamese black pepper exports

Vietnamese black pepper exports reached 118.54 thousand tons, worth $366.35 million in the first half of 2021, down 11.2% in volume but up 38.3% in value over the same period in 2020. According to the Vietnam Pepper Association, Vietnam exported 12547 tons of black pepper in September 2022, accounting for 84.2% of total pepper export volume. Black pepper alone accounted for 48.9 million USD in export turnover, accounting for nearly 85% of the total export turnover. 

Vietnam can produce black pepper at a low cost and become a major trading hub for black pepper due to the advantages of climate, high productivity, and abundant supply, in addition to the advantage of cheap labor. 

In fact, because there is not enough scale in Vietnam to produce black pepper on a large scale, black pepper is typically collected in small units and exported. Typically, goods are sourced from households or small factories and then purchased by distributors with large export requirements.


Vietnamese black pepper market export situation

4. The price of Vietnamese black pepper 

Below is information considering the cost of exported black pepper in Vietnam and the factors that may influence the price.

4.1. Prices and fluctuations in Vietnam black pepper export prices 

The price of black pepper 500g/l and 550g/l in Vietnam’s export market is typically $3150-3250/ton. This price is approximately 100 USD/ton lower than the third quarter of 2022 and significantly lower than the pepper export price in the first months of 2022, which is approximately 4200 USD/ton. 

Table depicting pepper price movements from 2020 to May 2022


Prices of Vietnamese black pepper

It is predicted that the export price of Vietnam black pepper will be quite favorable in the coming time because demand from partners increases due to pepper scarcity, so the price tends to rise. 

4.2. Factors that can influence the price of Vietnamese black pepper 

The following are some of the factors that can influence black pepper export prices: supply and demand of black pepper in Vietnam, specifications of Vietnamese black pepper and other some factors like logisctics, policies of import countries can effect to the total cost of price of Vietnamese black pepper.

  • Supply of black pepper in Vietnam: The supply of black pepper in Vietnamese decreased during the Covid 19 pandemic and climate change. The scarcity of supply also caused the price of black pepper to rise. 
  • Demand for Vietnam black pepper: The demand for black pepper from Vietnam is always high due to large orders from major partners such as China, the United States, and India… The increased price of black pepper is also due to increased purchasing demand from many other markets. 
  • Specifics of Vietnamese black pepper: As previously stated, the specification of Vietnamese black pepper has a significant impact on the market value of black pepper. For example, the higher the capacity or factors such as impurities and low breakage, the more expensive the black pepper. However, once produced, the price of black pepper can still vary depending on the actual specification of the product at the time of delivery. 
  • Logistics: Following the covid 19 pandemic, Vietnam’s logistics industry has shown promising results. The size and number of businesses operating in this field are growing by the day. However, the price of gasoline remains volatile, affecting both the price of transportation and the price of black pepper in Vietnamese. 
  • Importing countries’ policies: The policy for imported products varies by country. This has a significant impact on pepper exports. However, Vietnam has negotiated many trade agreements that can help Vietnam benefit from many tariff incentives and lower pepper prices when compared to countries that do not sign agreements.

Factors affect to Vietnamese black pepper

5. Some things to keep in mind when purchasing Vietnamese black pepper 

When buying something, buyers need to pay attention to a number of things, such as supply, product quality, and price. In the following paragraphs, we’ll explain a few details to keep in mind when shopping for black pepper in Vietnam.

5.1. Notes on types of supplier selection 

First and foremost, you must understand the various types of Vietnamese black pepper suppliers. 

  • Trading Companies or traders, are similar to wholesalers: The main distinction between wholesalers is that they do not usually take ownership of the goods. The advantage of trading companies is that traders will have excellent English communication skills as well as an understanding of international trading procedures. In general, trading companies accept lower minimum order quantities than manufacturers. The disadvantage of using this type of provider is that if the product fails, the trader is usually not held liable. You’ll also pay slightly more than if you bought it directly from the manufacturer. 
  • Wholesalers has all of the benefits of trading companies: They also buy the product and frequently import it themselves. The disadvantage of wholesalers is that they cannot supply large quantities; wholesalers are only suitable for medium-sized orders. Furthermore, the price will remain slightly higher. 
  • A manufacturer is a type of supplier who owns the factory as well as the product. The benefit of using this type of supplier is that you will have more control over production and will receive higher margins than with other types of suppliers. The manufacturer’s disadvantage is that they lack experience in international trading procedures. 

5.2. How to avoid being scammed when purchasing Vietnamese black pepper 

At the moment, there are a lot of bad people who pretend to use the popularity of black pepper in Vietnamese to sell customers low-quality goods. Here are some suggestions to help you avoid danger and damage.  


Tips to purchase Vietnamese black pepper

  • Contact the factory directly, and arrange a meeting or video call: Customers will be able to deal with suppliers if they can verify basic information and directly check the quality of the product. 
  • Request that suppliers display reviews from previous customers: This can assist you in determining the reputation and quality of suppliers’ products.

Signs of a Vietnamese black pepper supplier scam that you should pay attention to:

  • They lack in-depth knowledge and understanding of the products they sell. 
  • There is no information about the manufacturer or the origin of the product. 
  • Requiring payment or deposit of goods in the absence of a clear contract 
  • The price is much lower than what the market usually charges. 

Avoid scamming Vietnamese black pepper

5.3. Notes on product quality inspections

Here are some things you need to keep in mind about suppliers if you want to get good products from them

  • Hire a third party to check the quality of the product to go with the factory: Customers who do not have much knowledge or experience with this product will benefit from hiring an additional quality control party suppliers’ products 
  • Ask suppliers to send you samples ahead of time so you can test them: This way, you can avoid purchasing outdated products. Impurities are easily mixed into the finished product, especially with powdered black pepper. 
  • Check out the certificate of origin: Before export, all Vietnamese black pepper is censored and has an origin certificate. You must check the pepper’s certificate of origin before paying for the order to ensure that it is produced in Vietnam.

6. Top reputable black pepper suppliers in Vietnam

Here are some good sources of black pepper in Vietnam.


Some suppliers of Vietnamese black pepper market

6.1. Hoan Nghia Viet Agriculture Export 

Nghia Hoan Viet Agri Export is one of the first wholesalers in Vietnam to supply agricultural products to the world market with a variety of items such as rice, coffee, cinnamon, star anise, pepper…

  • Nghia Hoan Viet Agri Export has a big and steady supply of Vietnamese black pepper, which means it can fill all orders from around the world. In addition, the price of black pepper is lower than with other suppliers cause of this company offer for wholesale black pepper, not retail transaction. At every step of the process, Nghia Hoan Viet Agricultural Products Export checks the quality of the black pepper to make sure it meets export standards. Customer preference and positive feedback indicate that the company’s offerings are of high quality. 
  • Contact


Location of office: Hanoi, Vietnam

6.2. Hanfimex Vietnam 

HANFIMEX Vietnam is one of the most important business groups in Vietnam. It makes and sells agricultural goods like cashew nuts, pepper, coffee, coconut, cassava, etc. Hanfimex’s agricultural products are of consistently high quality, satisfying all market demands. 

6.3. Conamo Vietnam Co., Ltd 

Conamo Vietnam Co., Ltd. has been making and selling traditional spices and regional specialties for 15 years. These include roasted sesame, roasted sesame, chili salt, tamarind juice, grilled meat sauce, o mai salt, Tay Ninh shrimp salt, coconut oil color water, Vietnamese black pepper , and other traditional seasoning products. Conamo Vietnam Co., Ltd focuses on making sure their products are of good quality and that their prices are fair. competition, protecting clients’ interests, even the most demanding customers.

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