Black Pepper Is More Familiar In Daily Life Than You Notice

Black pepper is traded globally, and major producing countries include India, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Brazil. The spice is available in both wholesale and retail markets and is widely used in the food industry, as well as in households around the world. One of the most widely used spices, black pepper accounts for a significant portion of global spice commerce. In case you’re in the market for some black peppers, consider the following details.

1. A general description of black pepper

Listed below are the fundamentals for understanding black peppers.

  • Black pepper, one of the earliest known spices, has its origins on the Malabar Coast of India. Black pepper’s usage as a seasoning in cooking gained traction over time. Due to its unique taste and irreplaceable qualities, black pepper’s appeal has grown over time.
  • The only real distinction between black, white, and red pepper is in how they’re harvested. Peppers are hand-picked when still in their green stage, and after being dried for three or four days, they are ready to be used. Impurities are sorted out, bagged, and eaten when the pepper reaches the desired dark color and uniform moisture content. Presently, drying is not yet used, and direct sunlight is the primary method of drying in most black pepper-producing countries.
  • Black pepper can be distinguished from other peppers by its darker color and wrinklier skin, which can be any shade from brown to black. Black peppers, as opposed to other forms of pepper used as spices, have a milder spicy flavor and a stronger scent that is more distinct than other types of pepper thanks to the prior drying process. Therefore, it is frequently used to season and neutralize the odor of fish meals. Coughs, sore throats, and colds are just a few of the ailments that it can alleviate.
  • While powdered black peppers are the most frequent form for use in cooking, whole black pepper grain accounts for the vast majority of exports. In addition to making it simpler for consumers to verify quality, this also helps pepper keep its distinctive taste for longer.
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Overview of black pepper

2. Black pepper is evaluated by a handful of standard grades

Black peppers are classified into four different varieties based on quality: special, grade 1, grade 2, and grade 3. Quality is ensured by using a set of predetermined criteria, including sensory, physical-chemical, etc.

2.1. Characteristics of black pepper as perceived by the senses.

To begin, there are a few sensory criteria that must be met before exported black peppers may be evaluated.

  • Good quality products will not have any mildew, insects, or dead bugs evident (with the naked eye and with a magnifying glass).
  • Black peppers must be a consistent dark color throughout, and their wrinkles must be evenly spaced.
  • It is preferable for black pepper to have a firm consistency rather than a broken one.
  • When pepper is pounded into a powder, it releases an aroma and flavor that are uniquely peppery and hot without any notes.
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Standards of quality of black pepper

2.2. Black pepper specifications in terms of the physical and chemical field 

The following are physical and chemical requirements that black pepper must meet before it can be marketed, allowing for an objective assessment of its quality.

The contents of the following table are the physical features of black peppers.

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Required physical specifications for black pepper

The chemical properties of black peppers are shown in the table below.

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Required chemical specifications for black pepper

Black pepper is one of the spices that wholesalers pay special attention to. In order to keep its flavor and aroma, black peppers need to be stored in a clean, dry, and somewhat constant temperature environment. Without proper storage conditions, it quickly loses its flavor, aroma, and freshness, becoming moldy and unusable and requiring the entire cargo to be thrown away. Furthermore, black pepper still has a high concentration of piperine – the chemical compound that scientists have studied extensively for its potential use in curing cancer and warding off chronic ailments.

2.3. Measurements of black pepper’s microbiological safety.

These are the microbial standards that must be met for Vietnamese black peppers to be produced.

Microbiological requirements for Vietnamese black pepper

The Maximum

Number of aerobic microorganisms per milligram of product


Amount of Coliform bacteria present per milligram of product


Amount of E.coli bacteria present per milligram of product


Amount of S.aureus bacteria present per milligram of product


Amount of Yeasts and fungi bacteria present per milligram of product


The level of microorganisms in a product is measured through a series of assays conducted on samples taken before it is released to the public. Black peppers are considered to be of superior quality when their colony count is lower.

3. The global situation regarding the import and export of black pepper.

Gaining an understanding of the black pepper export scenario will provide you with a bird’s eye view of this market, allowing you to make informed business decisions.

3.1. The international black pepper trade situation.

Despite the biggest inflation in recent years in the first months of 2022, imports of black pepper from the United States and the European Union kept rising. This shows that the demand for black peppers in these two of the world’s biggest consumer markets has not gone down because of changes in the economy or other outside factors.

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The global situation regarding the import and export of black pepper.

It is predicted that the worldwide market would be worth $4400000000 in 2022. With a CAGR of 6.2% from 2022 to 2032, the market is projected to be worth nearly US$7991.9 million by that year.

3.2. Primary destinations for black pepper shipments.

The following information should help you understand the world’s largest black pepper import markets.

  • The United States: The United States has one of the highest per capita rates of black consumption globally. More than 70% of the US’s black peppers import volume currently comes from pepper in Vietnam, making it one of the country’s top export partners. Black peppers exported to the United States must be produced in a safe manner and have organic production certificates in order to be sold there.
  • EU: Black pepper is Europe’s most extensively used and much-appreciated spice:  About a third of all the products imported into the world come from Europe, making it one of the world’s major importers with the United States. With a 5% annual rise since 2016, imports these products into Europe will total 76.7 metric tons by 2020. Almost 90% of the black peppers shipped to Europe are in full form, while the remaining 10% is ground. For this reason, whole pepper is favored by European importers, who can more easily verify its freshness and quality.
  • India: India imports a great deal of pepper as a black pepper grower and exporter. There were 24.9 metric tons of black peppers imported into India from other nations in 2018. The top pepper exporting countries were Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Brazil, and Indonesia. Given that India picks pepper only when it’s ripe, they miss out on getting the black pepper’s oleoresin that makes the spice so unique. Therefore, India must rely on supplies from Sri Lanka and Vietnam, where a great deal of unripe pepper is cultivated.

4. Prices of black pepper on the world market 

Price is always one of the first factors to consider when customers decide to buy a product. The following will be information about the price of black pepper on the market to help buyers get the best view and be able to buy the product at the best price.

4.1 The current situation of black pepper prices on the global market 

Among pepper-growing nations, Brazil currently has the lowest selling price, while pepper from Malaysia sells for a better price and black pepper from India trades at the double the price of Brazil. 

In the global market, the price of pepper in December 2022 climbed marginally in Indonesia while remaining unchanged in other areas. In particular, the price in Indonesia rose by 0.24%, to $3813/ton. Malaysia’s black pepper price remains stable at $4900 per ton. The price in the Brazilian market remained steady, at $2625/ton. In Vietnam, the export price of black peppers is 500g/l and 550g/l maintained at $3150-3250/ton. World pepper prices started to increase in April 2020, but began to fall again in early 2022 due to sluggish demand caused by the global economic crisis. Furthermore, the closure of China, the world’s second-largest pepper importer, owing to COVID-19 put negative pressure on the market. Accordingly, it is anticipated that the price of black pepper would likely continue to decline shortly. 

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Prices of black pepper on the world market

4.2. Factors that influence the cost of black pepper 

These are some of the factors that can influence the price of black peppers that buyers should be aware of so that they can choose the optimum time to purchase pepper. 

  • Law of supply and demand:  The market economy runs by the law of supply and demand at all times. If there is insufficient supply to meet all domestic and global demand, wholesale pepper prices will rise. When the harvest season is not in effect, or when circumstances such as sickness and adverse weather cause a drop in supply,  black pepper prices rise. 
  • Production expenses: Pepper prices will vary depending on labor costs, factory rental costs, material and production tool costs, and more. For example, when pepper is primarily produced by machines, the cost of recruiting labor is reduced, allowing the pepper price to fall. 
  • Specification of black peppers: If the pepper is of high grade, its price will be higher. For example, black pepper with high uniformity of quality will command a higher price than the ones that contain many flat or broken peppers. 
  • Cost of shipping: Depending on the shipping distance, shipping costs change for each nation in the world. Furthermore, shipping fees differ per exporting country. This means that the price of black peppers exported to different countries is also different. 
  • World political situation: The uncertain political climate in the world can have an impact on any product, including the black pepper export industry. The tight political situation might make product transportation more complicated, which raises the price of products.

You can check some other information to get the best deal for black pepper:

How to find pepper supplier

Black pepper wholesale price in Mumbai

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Factors that influence the cost of black pepper

5. Black pepper suppliers in the world that you should know 

If you are looking to buy good quality black pepper at an affordable price, here are some black peppers suppliers that we recommend to you. 

  • Hoan Nghia Viet Agri Export: Nghia Hoan Viet is a company with nearly 30 years of experience in supplying agricultural products. Their main products are rice, coffee, cinnamon, star anise, pepper, and more.  If you are looking for a place to buy black peppers in bulk, the company is a fantastic option because it can respond to large export orders with competitive pricing. Black pepper purchased by the company is carefully censored for quality before being exported. Export services are also carried out in accordance with the established procedure. The company received a lot of positive feedback from customers about the product as well as the quality of service.
  • Olam Food Ingredients: Olam International is a large agribusiness and food company, operating in 60 countries and supplying food and industrial raw materials to more than 20,900 customers worldwide. One of Olam’s strengths is the export of black peppers. Olam is able to maintain complete control over all aspects of the cultivation, production, processing, and distribution of black pepper, which enables the company to provide customers with pepper products that are very consistent in quality.
  • Grancafé Comercio: Founded more than 40 years ago, Grancafé currently supplies products such as coffee, cacao, and pepper to the domestic and international markets in the Americas, Africa, and Asia. Black pepper is one of the most popular things purchased by customers here. Grancafé, as a pepper supplier in the Brazilian market, can provide customers with high-quality products at good prices. Along with good service, Grancafé has established its brand name in the field of exporting.
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Hoan Nghia Viet Agri Export

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